Groom, D. J. E., Bayram, N., Shehata, M., Herrera M., L. G. and Welch, K. C. (2019). Low ambient temperature reduces the time for fuel switching in the ruby-throated hummingbird (Archilochus colubris). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology 237, 110559. Download
Eberts, E. R., Dick, M. F. and Welch, K. C. (2019). Metabolic fates of evening crop-stored sugar in ruby-throated hummingbirds (Archilochus colubris). Diversity 11, 9. Download
Myrka, A. M. and Welch, K. C. (2018). Evidence of high transport and phosphorylation capacity for both glucose and fructose in the ruby-throated hummingbird (Archilochus colubris). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 224, 253–261. Download
St-Cyr, S., Abuaish, S., Welch, K. C. and McGowan, P. O. (2018). Maternal predator odour exposure programs metabolic responses in adult offspring. Scientific Reports 8, 8077. Download
Workman, R. E., Myrka, A. M., Wong, G. W., Tseng, E., Welch, K. C. and Timp, W. (2018). Single-molecule, full-length transcript sequencing provides insight into the extreme metabolism of the ruby-throated hummingbird Archilochus colubris. Gigascience 7,. Download
Groom, D. J. E., Toledo, M. C. B., Powers, D. R., Tobalske, B. W. and Welch, K. C. (2018). Integrating morphology and kinematics in the scaling of hummingbird hovering metabolic rate and efficiency. Proc. R. Soc. B 285, 20172011. Download
Welch, K. C., Myrka, A. M., Ali, R. S. and Dick, M. F. (2018). The metabolic flexibility of hovering vertebrate nectarivores. Physiology 33, 127–137. Download
Skandalis, D. A., Segre, P. S., Bahlman, J. W., Groom, D. J. E., Jr, K. C. W., Witt, C. C., McGuire, J. A., Dudley, R., Lentink, D. and Altshuler, D. L. (2017). The biomechanical origin of extreme wing allometry in hummingbirds. Nature Communications 8, 1047. Download
Suarez, R. K. and Welch, K. C. (2017). Sugar Metabolism in Hummingbirds and Nectar Bats. Nutrients 9, 743. Download
Otálora-Ardila, A., Herrera M., L. G., Flores-Martínez, J. J. and Welch, K. C. (2017). The effect of short-term food restriction on the metabolic cost of the acute phase response in the fish-eating Myotis (Myotis vivesi). Mammalian Biology 82, 41–47. Download
Groom, D. J. E., Toledo, M. C. B. and Welch, K. C. (2017). Wingbeat kinematics and energetics during weightlifting in hovering hummingbirds across an elevational gradient. J Comp Physiol B 187, 165–182. Download
Hou, L. and Welch, K. C. (2016). Premigratory ruby-throated hummingbirds, Archilochus colubris, exhibit multiple strategies for fuelling migration. Animal Behaviour 121, 87–99. Download
Velten, B. P., Welch, K. C. and Ramenofsky, M. (2016). Altered expression of pectoral myosin heavy chain isoforms corresponds to migration status in the white-crowned sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys gambelii). Royal Society Open Science 3, 160775. Download
Otálora-Ardila, A., M, L. G. H., Flores-Martínez, J. J. and Jr, K. C. W. (2016). Metabolic Cost of the Activation of Immune Response in the Fish-Eating Myotis (Myotis vivesi): The Effects of Inflammation and the Acute Phase Response. PLOS ONE 11, e0164938. Download
Kolmann, M. A., Welch, K. C., Summers, A. P. and Lovejoy, N. R. (2016). Always chew your food: freshwater stingrays use mastication to process tough insect prey. Proc. R. Soc. B 283, 20161392. Download
McCue, M. D. and Welch, K. C. (2016). 13C-Breath testing in animals: theory, applications, and future directions. J Comp Physiol B 186, 265–285. Download
Welch, K. C., Péronnet, F., Hatch, K. A., Voigt, C. C. and McCue, M. D. (2016). Carbon stable-isotope tracking in breath for comparative studies of fuel use. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1365, 15–32. Download
Welch, K. C., Otálora-Ardila, A., M, L. G. H. and Flores-Martínez, J. J. (2015). The cost of digestion in the fish-eating myotis (Myotis vivesi). Journal of Experimental Biology 218, 1180–1187. Download
Hou, L., Verdirame, M. and Welch, K. C. (2015). Automated tracking of wild hummingbird mass and energetics over multiple time scales using radio frequency identification (RFID) technology. Journal of Avian Biology 46, 1–8. Download
Welch, K. C. and Chen, C. C. W. (2014). Sugar flux through the flight muscles of hovering vertebrate nectarivores: a review. J Comp Physiol B 184, 945–959. Download
Chen, C. C. W. and Welch, K. C. (2014). Hummingbirds can fuel expensive hovering flight completely with either exogenous glucose or fructose. Functional Ecology 28, 589–600. Download
Velten, B. P. and Welch, K. C. (2014). Myosin heavy-chain isoforms in the flight and leg muscles of hummingbirds and zebra finches. American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 306, R845–R851. Download
Welch Jr, K. C., Allalou, A., Sehgal, P., Cheng, J. and Ashok, A. (2013). Glucose Transporter Expression in an Avian Nectarivore: The Ruby-Throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris). PLOS ONE 8, e77003. Download
Reiser, P. J., Welch, K. C., Suarez, R. K. and Altshuler, D. L. (2013). Very low force-generating ability and unusually high temperature-dependency in hummingbird flight muscle fibers. Journal of Experimental Biology jeb.068825. Download
Mahalingam, S. and Welch, K. C. (2013). Neuromuscular control of hovering wingbeat kinematics in response to distinct flight challenges in the ruby-throated hummingbird (Archilochus colubris). Journal of Experimental Biology jeb.089383. Download
LaBonte, J. P., Welch, K. C. and Suarez, R. K. (2011). Digestive performance in neonatal Southern Pacific Rattlesnakes (Crotalus oreganus helleri). Can. J. Zool. 89, 705–713.
Welch, K. C. (2011). The power of feeder-mask respirometry as a method for examining hummingbird energetics. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology 158, 276–286. Download
Suarez, R. K., M, L. G. H. and Welch, K. C. (2011). The sugar oxidation cascade: aerial refueling in hummingbirds and nectar bats. Journal of Experimental Biology 214, 172–178. Download
Altshuler, D. L., Welch, K. C., Cho, B. H., Welch, D. B., Lin, A. F., Dickson, W. B. and Dickinson, M. H. (2010). Neuromuscular control of wingbeat kinematics in Anna’s hummingbirds (Calypte anna). Journal of Experimental Biology 213, 2507–2514. Download
Suarez, R. K., Welch, K. C., Hanna, S. K. and Herrera M., L. G. (2009). Flight muscle enzymes and metabolic flux rates during hovering flight of the nectar bat, Glossophaga soricina: Further evidence of convergence with hummingbirds. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology 153, 136–140. Download
Welch, K. C. and Altshuler, D. L. (2009). Fiber type homogeneity of the flight musculature in small birds. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 152, 324–331. Download
Welch, Kenneth C. and Suarez, R. K. (2008). Altitude and temperature effects on the energetic cost of hover-feeding in migratory rufous hummingbirds, Selasphorus rufus. Can. J. Zool. 86, 161–169. Download
Welch, K. C., M, L. G. H. and Suarez, R. K. (2008). Dietary sugar as a direct fuel for flight in the nectarivorous bat Glossophaga soricina. Journal of Experimental Biology 211, 310–316. Download
Welch, K. C. and Suarez, R. K. (2007). Oxidation rate and turnover of ingested sugar in hovering Anna’s (<i>Calypte anna<i>) and rufous (Selasphorus rufus) hummingbirds. Journal of Experimental Biology 210, 2154–2162. Download
Welch, K. C., Altshuler, D. L. and Suarez, R. K. (2007). Oxygen consumption rates in hovering hummingbirds reflect substrate-dependent differences in P/O ratios: carbohydrate as a `premium fuel’. Journal of Experimental Biology 210, 2146–2153. Download
Welch Jr., K. C., Bakken, B. H., Martínez del Rio, C. and Suarez, R. K. (2006). Hummingbirds Fuel Hovering Flight with Newly Ingested Sugar. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 79, 1082–1087. Download
Darveau, C.-A., Hochachka, P. W., Welch, K. C., Roubik, D. W. and Suarez, R. K. (2005). Allometric scaling of flight energetics in Panamanian orchid bees: a comparative phylogenetic approach. Journal of Experimental Biology 208, 3581–3591. Download
Suarez, R. K., Darveau, C.-A., Welch, K. C., O’Brien, D. M., Roubik, D. W. and Hochachka, P. W. (2005). Energy metabolism in orchid bee flight muscles: carbohydrate fuels all. Journal of Experimental Biology 208, 3573–3579. Download
Ribble, D. O., Wurtz, A. E., McConnell, E. K., Buegge, J. J. and Welch, K. C. (2002). A Comparison of Home Ranges of two Species of Peromyscus Using Trapping and Radiotelemetry Data. J Mammal 83, 260–266. Download
Macias, M. P., Welch, K. C., Denzler, K. L., Larson, K. A., Lee, N. A. and Lee, J. J. (2000). Identification of a new murine eosinophil major basic protein (mMBP) gene: cloning and characterization of mMBP-2. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 67, 567–576. Download